One of the emerging issues in m-Health is how best to exploit the mobile
communications technologies that are now almost globally available. This
thesis describes a multi-channel m-Health system with a Bluetooth interface
based on the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). The challenge here is to
produce a system to transmit a patient's biomedical signals directly to a
hospital using a mobile phone on a commercial GPRS network.
As greater patient mobility gradually becomes a trend in remote monitoring,
the integration of medical sensors with global connectivity seems to be the
next step in providing telemedicine services. The system samples signals from
sensors on the patient, then transmits the incoming digital data over a
Bluetooth link to a GPRS mobile phone.
The system is equipped with patient user interface programs for the patient
to perform the data acquisition process from the sensors. There are two
programs available, one being the patient interface on a laptop while the
other is the patient interface on a mobile phone. The later interface program
is developed based on Java 2 Micro Edition (J2ME) MIDlet suite application.
The system is integrated with client-server application programs to allow the
monitoring and management of medical data. An application server is
responsible for handling the telemedicine session and controlling the client
connection request from a remote patient. All the medical data transmitted
during a telemedicine session are stored in a database together with the
patient information and telemedicine session details for further assessment.
These data are available to clinicians as and when required, by accessing the
database via browser programs.
The prototype system allowed real-world mobile tests to be carried out and
provide valuable insights into real user experience with m-Health systems.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.