This thesis reports on the research undertaken to improve the end-of-life management of
Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) through the generation of
bespoke recycling process plans for various electrical and electronic products. The
principle objective of this research is to develop an integrated framework to incorporate
the related product, process and legislative information during the end-of-life
management to promote sustainable practices of processing of such waste.
The research contributions are divided into three major parts. The first part reviews the
relevant literature in the areas of environmental concerns related to the electrical and
electronic recovery sector and end-of-life product recovery decision support tools. The
second part investigates the 'Recycling Process Planning' framework which incorporates
product evaluation, legislative compliance monitoring, and an ecological and economical
assessmentto generate bespoke eco-efficient recycling process plans for recovery and
recycling of electrical and electronic equipment The third part includes the design and
implementation of a novel computer aided recycling process planner that demonstrates
the application of recycling process planning framework and the associated ecological
and economical assessment methodology to identify the most appropriate end-of-life
options for WEEE.
The validity of the research concept has been demonstrated via three case studies. The
results from these case studies have highlighted the impact that the proposed recycling
process planning framework could have in identifying many improvements which could
be made in current recovery and recycling practices through adoption of a systematical
approach for generation of recycling process plans based on the most up-to-date
information and knowledge on recycling processes.
In summary, this research has generated practical and powerful models and tools to
improve the environmental and economical performance of WEEE recycling and to
provide invaluable support for long term sustainability of the electrical and electronic
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.