The study of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) has been dominated
by various mainstream theories drawn from International Relations and European
Studies. These have largely neglected the role of ideas, beliefs, values and practices
regarding the use of police and military instruments, in other words, the strategic
culture which shapes the security and defence policies of the European Union (EU).
This strategic culture of the EU has become manifest in the way ESDP officials think
about the deployment of military and police resources as well as in the way they plan
After introducing the concept in general terms, the thesis claims that the notion of
strategic culture can be applied to the EU. Various innovative models of
categorisationa re provided throughout the thesis in order to describe the state of
development of EU strategic culture. An analysis of the development of the strategic
culture of the EU is provided since the end of the Cold War up to the year 2007.
Important developments such as the institutionalisation of ESDP and the
establishment of influential policy networks are considered in detail. The study also
takes into account the discourse of ESDP and questions the ideas that stem from it
through interviews and questionnaires with ESDP officials. A cases tudy of the police
and military missions of the EU in Bosnia Herzegovina is included in order to show
how ideas regarding the use of force impact on the implementation of EU missions. In
conclusion, the thesis claims that the EU has its own strategic culture which is
characterised by a number of behavioural/structural elements as well as by certain ideas, values, beliefs and practices.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.