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Title: The institutional response of the Czech State to European Union membership with particular reference to relations with the European Court of Justice
Authors: Mik, Martin
Keywords: Czech Republic
European Union (EU)
European Court of Justice
Europeanization
Czech political system
Domestic institutions
Adaptation
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Martin Mik
Abstract: The 2004 enlargement of the European Union (EU), historically the largest so far, represented a significant challenge not only to the EU itself, but also to the new member states, which had to negotiate a complex set of rules and standards and had to learn how EU institutions work and how to operate effectively within established structures and processes. This process of institutional adaptation has been continuing ever since and ‗new‘ EU member states are still learning now. This thesis analyses the way the Czech Republic, one of the new member states, altered its existing state structures in order specifically to accommodate relations with EU institutions, and explores how these alterations have impacted on the intrastate balance of power in the Czech Republic. The thesis thereby contributes to the literatures that address EU enlargement as a set of adaptive pressures on the new member states specifically. This thesis investigates the impact of EU membership, on the Czech political system through the prism of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ). The ECJ, unlike other principal institutions of the European Union, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament and the European Commission, has direct links with the executive, judicial and parliamentary powers of member states, thus offering a unique perspective on how the EU membership alters relations between these powers within the state. The thesis thereby evaluates the Czech case as an example of what has come to be known as the process of ‗Europeanization‘. For the purpose of the thesis, the concept of Europeanization is not understood to represent a merger or fusion of national models towards a common (European) one, but rather as a national response/set of national responses to the influence of the EU, which has a notable impact on distribution of power traditionally seen within member states. This approach is used to examine the contention that the structure in place in the Czech Republic to manage relations with the ECJ is based on models used in the original, i.e. pre-2004, EU member states. The thesis studies individual powers in the Czech political systems and concludes that this is indeed the case and that traditional distribution of power and roles at the domestic level is significantly altered as a result of the EU membership.
Description: This thesis is closed access until March 2040. A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/8288
Appears in Collections:Closed Access PhD Theses (PHIR)

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