MUHAMMAD, R. ... et al, 2011. Computational study of ultrasonically-assisted turning in Ti alloys. Advanced Materials Research, 223, pp. 30-36.
The industrial applications of titanium alloys especially in aerospace, marine and offshore
industries has grown significantly over the years primarily due to their high strength, light
weight as well as good fatigue and corrosion-resistance properties. The machinability of
these difficult-to-cut metallic materials using conventional turnning (CT) techniques has seen
a limited improvement over the years. Ultrasonically-assisted turnning (UAT) is an advanced
machining process, which has shown to have specific advantages especially in the
machining of high-strength alloys. In this study a three-dimensional finite element model of
ultrasonically-assisted oblique cutting of a Ti-based super alloy (Ti15V3Cr3Al3Sn) is
developed. The nonlinear temperature-sensitive material behaviour is incorporated in our
numerical simulations based on results obtained with split-Hopkinson pressure bar tests.
Various contact conditions are considered at the tool tip-workpiece interface to get an indepth
understanding of the mechanism influencing the cutting parameters. The simulation
results obtained are compared for both CT and UAT conditions to elucidate main
deformation mechanisms responsible for the observed changes in the material’s responses
to cutting techniques.