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|Title: ||Personal Carbon Trading and fuel price increases in the transport sector: an exploratory study of public response in the UK|
|Authors: ||Harwatt, Helen|
Tight, Miles R.
Bristow, Abigail L.
|Keywords: ||Climate change|
Personal Carbon Trading
Fuel price increases
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Publisher: ||© Institute for Transport Studies in the European Economic Integration (ISTIEE)|
|Citation: ||HARWATT, H., TIGHT, M., BRISTOW, A.L. and GUHNEMANN., 2011. Personal Carbon Trading and fuel price increases in the transport sector: an exploratory study of public response in the UK. European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, 47, pp. 47-70.|
|Abstract: ||Large reductions of greenhouse gas emissions are required in order to avoid the worst impacts of
climate change. Road transport is a significant contributor to UK CO2 emissions, with the majority arising
from personal road transport. This paper analyses Personal Carbon Trading (PCT) as a potentially
powerful climate change policy tool and presents findings from an exploratory survey of public opinion.
A working model of a PCT scheme with a fixed carbon cap was designed to achieve a 60% reduction of
CO2 emissions from personal road transport by 2050. A proportion of the annual carbon budget would be
given to individuals as a free carbon permit allocation. There is an opportunity to sell unused permits.
Fuel price increases (FPI) were recognised as having the potential to achieve an identical emissions target
at a much lower cost.
A series of individual interviews were conducted to explore opinions related to the impacts,
effectiveness, fairness and acceptability of both measures. Bespoke software was used to record
behavioural response. The findings indicate that certain design aspects of the PCT scheme led to it being
preferred to the FPI and suggest that the potential behavioural response to PCT may be greater than for a
FPI. However, given that the sample was small and biased towards the highly educated and those with
above average incomes, the findings should be considered as preliminary indications. Further detailed
research is required.|
|Publisher Link: ||http://www.istiee.org/te/|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)|
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