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Title: Loads on a gymnastics safety support system during maximal use
Authors: Hiley, Michael J.
Apostolidis, A.
Yeadon, Maurice R.
Keywords: Maximal loads
Gymnastics safety support system
Impact
Drop height
Peak force
Gymnast mass
Landing
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Sage
Citation: HILEY, M.J., APOSTOLIDIS, A. and YEADON, M.R., 2011. Loads on a gymnastics safety support system during maximal use. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, March 1, 2011, 225 (1), pp. 1-7.
Abstract: Support systems can be used to prevent or reduce the impact during landings in various gymnastics disciplines. A support system typically consists of two ropes, three pulleys attached to steelwork in the roof space of the gymnasium, and a belt around the gymnast's waist. The aim of the study was to determine the forces at the pulleys and the tension in the ropes during maximal loading for a dynamic gymnastics skill. Additionally the relationships between the drop height and the peak force and between the gymnast mass and the peak force, together with the effect of the coach's actions, were investigated. A gymnastics support system was instrumented with strain-gauge-based load cells. A coach attempted to arrest the fall of a gymnast equivalent mass (range, 10—35 kg) over a range of drop heights (0.25—1.5 m). To establish the coach's contribution, trials were repeated with the coach replaced by an equivalent mass and with the rope tied off to the floor. Peak forces of 1.3 kN were recorded for a simulated maximum loading gymnastics scenario (drop height, 1.25 m; gymnast mass, 35 kg). The coach's actions reduced the peak forces by 35 per cent and 48 per cent in comparison with an equivalent deadweight and with the rope tied off respectively.
Description: The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology March 1, 2011, 225 (1), pp. 1-7 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. [© Hiley, Apostolidis and Yeadon]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/17543371JSET84 10.1177/17543371JSET84
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/17543371JSET84
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/8749
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/17543371JSET84
http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/1/1.full.pdf
ISSN: 1754-3371
1754-338X
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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