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|Title: ||Effects of environmental changes in a stair climbing intervention: generalization to stair descent|
|Authors: ||Webb, Oliver J.|
Eves, Frank F.
|Keywords: ||Physical activity|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Publisher: ||© American Journal of Health Promotion, inc.|
|Citation: ||WEBB, O.J. and EVES, F.F., 2007. Effects of environmental changes in a stair climbing intervention: generalization to stair descent. American Journal of Health Promotion, 22 (1), pp. 38-44|
Visual improvements have been shown to encourage stair use in worksites, independent of
written prompts. This study examined whether visual modifications alone can influence behavior
in a shopping mall. Climbing one flight of stairs, however, will not confer health benefits.
Therefore, this study also assessed whether exposure to the intervention encouraged subsequent
Interrupted time-series design.
Escalators flanked by a staircase on either side.
Ascending and descending pedestrians (N=81,948)
Following baseline monitoring, a colorful design was introduced on the stair-risers of one
staircase (the ‘target’ staircase). A health promotion message was later superimposed on top. The
intervention was only visible to ascending pedestrians. Thus, any rise in descending stair use
would indicate increased intention to use stairs, which endured after initial exposure to the
Observers inconspicuously coded pedestrians’ means of ascent/descent and demographic
The design alone had no meaningful impact. Addition of the message, however, increased stair
climbing at the target and non-target staircases by 190% and 52%, respectively. The message also
produced a modest increase in stair descent at the target (25%) and non-target staircases (9%).
In public venues a message component is critical to the success of interventions. In addition, it
appears that exposure to an intervention can encourage pedestrians to use stairs on a subsequent
|Description: ||This article was published in the serial, American Journal of Health Promotion [© American Journal of Health Promotion, inc.]. The definitive version is available at: http://healthpromotionjournal.com/mm5/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AJHP&Product_Code=JV22I138&Category_Code=|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||http://healthpromotionjournal.com/mm5/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AJHP&Product_Code=JV22I138&Category_Code=|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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