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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/8977

Title: Characterisation and use of glass fibre reinforced plastic waste powder as filler in styrene-butadiene rubber
Authors: Ansarifar, A.
Osmani, Mohamed
Wang, L.
Yoonga, K.K.
Pappu, A.
Keywords: Waste powder
Characterisation
Analytical techniques
Styrene-butadiene
Rubber
Mechanical properties
Recycling
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Malaysian Rubber Board
Citation: ANSARIFAR, A., OSMANI, M., WANG, L. ... et el., 2010. Characterisation and use of glass fibre reinforced plastic waste powder as filler in styrene-butadiene rubber. Journal of Rubber Research, 13 (3), pp. 162-174.
Abstract: Glass fibre reinforced plastic (GRP) wastes are often disposed of in landfill, incinerated or processed into powders. GRP waste powders can be recycled as filler in virgin polymers and should be characterised before they are added to avoid processing problems. A GRP waste powder was characterised using advanced measuring and analytical techniques. These included, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, particle size analyser, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray microanalyser. The results showed that the waste powder consisted of irregular shaped particles and glass fibre fragments up to 700 m in size. Moreover, the waste powder was a thermoset polyester resin and its chemical constituents were calcium, oxygen, aluminium, silica, chlorine, bromine and carbon. When up to 25 parts per hundred rubber by weight of the GRP waste powder was mixed with a sulphur cure- based styrene-butadiene rubber, the viscosity, scorch and optimum cure times increased, and the rate of cure decreased. The tearing energy, elongation at break, tensile strength, stored energy density at break, and Young’s modulus of the vulcanisate improved as the loading of the waste powder was raised.
Description: This article was published in the Journal of Rubber Research [© Malaysian Rubber Board] and the publisher's website is at: http://www.lgm.gov.my/PublicationsNJournals/latestpub.aspx
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/8977
ISSN: 1511-1768
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)

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