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Title: A solution concentration dependent transition from self-stratification to lateral phase separation in spin-cast PS:d-PMMA thin films
Authors: Dunbar, Alan
Mokarian-Tabari, P.
Parnell, Andrew J.
Martin, Simon J.
Skoda, M.W.A.
Jones, R.A.L.
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Springer
Citation: DUNBAR, A.D.F., MOKARIAN-TABARI, P., PARNELL, A.J. ... et al., 2010. A solution concentration dependent transition from self-stratification to lateral phase separation in spin-cast PS:d-PMMA thin films. European Physical Journal E, 31 (4), pp. 369-375.
Abstract: Thin films with a rich variety of different nano-scale morphologies have been produced by spin casting solutions of various concentrations of PS:d-PMMA blends from toluene solutions. During the spin casting process specular reflectivity and off-specular scattering data were recorded and ex situ optical and atomic force microscopy, neutron reflectivity and ellipsometry have all been used to characterise the film morphologies. We show that it is possible to selectively control the film morphology by altering the solution concentration used. Low polymer concentration solutions favour the formation of flat in-plane phase-separated bi-layers, with a d-PMMA-rich layer underneath a PS-rich layer. At intermediate concentrations the films formed consist of an in-plane phase-separated bi-layer with an undulating interface and also have some secondary phase-separated pockets rich in d-PMMA in the PS-rich layer and vice versa. Using high concentration solutions results in laterally phase-separated regions with sharp interfaces. As with the intermediate concentrations, secondary phase separation was also observed, especially at the top surface.
Description: This article was published in the journal, European Physical Journal E: Soft Matter and Biological Physics [© Springer] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2010-10592-4
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2010-10592-4
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9072
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2010-10592-4
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Materials)

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