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Title: Male and female upper body sweat distribution during running measured with technical absorbents
Authors: Havenith, George
Fogarty, Alison
Bartlett, Rebecca
Smith, Caroline J.
Ventenat, Vincent
Keywords: Sweating
Sex
Gender
Exercise
Regional
Clothing
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: © Springer Verlag
Citation: HAVENITH, G....et al., 2008. Male and female upper body sweat distribution during running measured with technical absorbents. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104 (2), pp. 245 - 255
Abstract: Body sweat distribution over the upper body in nine clothed male and female runners of equal 3 fitness while running at 65% V O2max and subsequent 15 minute rest in a moderate climate 4 (25ºC, 53% rh) was investigated using technical absorbent materials to collect the sweat 5 produced. No significant difference in whole body mass loss (male 474 SD 80; female 420 SD 6 114 g.m-2.h-1) nor surface weighted average of all tested zones for exercise (male 636 SD 165; 7 female 565 SD 222 g.m-2.h-1) nor rest (male 159 SD 46; female 212 SD 75 g.m-2.h-1) were 8 observed. Local sweat rate (LSR) ranges were large and overlapped substantially in most 9 areas. Males showed higher LSR for the mid-front (p<0.05), sides (p<0.05), and mid lateral 10 back (p<0.01) compare to females. Both sexes showed similar sweat distribution patterns over 11 the upper body with some exceptions. Males showed higher relative (local to overall) sweat 12 rates than females for the mid lateral back (p<0.001), while it was lower for the upper arm 13 (p<0.001), lateral lower back (p<0.05), and upper central back (p<0.05). Sweating in both 14 sexes was highest along the spine, and higher on the back as a whole than the chest as a 15 whole. Upper arm sweat rate was lowest. Males showed a higher ratio of highest to lowest 16 LSR (4.4 versus 2.8; p<0.05). The present study has provided more detailed information, 17 based on more subjects, on upper body sweat distribution than previously available, which can 18 be used in clothing design, thermo-physiological modelling, and thermal manikin design.
Description: The final publication is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0636-z
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-007-0636-z
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9293
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0636-z
ISSN: 1439-6319
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Design School)

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