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Title: Stirred cell membrane emulsification and factors influencing dispersion drop size and uniformity
Authors: Stillwell, Michael T.
Holdich, R.G.
Kosvintsev, S.R.
Gasparini, G.
Cumming, Iain W.
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: © American Chemical Society
Citation: STILLWELL, M.T. ... et al, 2007. Stirred cell membrane emulsification and factors influencing dispersion drop size and uniformity. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 46 (3), pp. 965 - 972
Abstract: Water-in-oil (w/o) and oil-in-water (o/w) emulsions were generated using 30-μm pore diameter surface membranes to investigate the factors influencing drop size, and the degree of uniformity of drop size distribution, using a stirred cell employing a simple paddle mounted above a circular disc membrane. The importance of the transitional radius, which is the radius at which the vortex around the unbaffled paddle stirrer changes from a forced vortex to a free vortex and the shear stress at the membrane surface below the stirrer is at its greatest, is demonstrated. Monosized emulsions were produced, with drop size distribution coefficient of variation values of 10% for o/w emulsions and 13.5% for w/o emulsions. These tests demonstrated that a membrane of reduced annular operating area (ringed membrane) produced a more monosized o/w emulsion than a membrane where the full area was used to generate the emulsion, without affecting the mean drop size. The improved size distribution was achieved while the transitional radius was located within the ringed annular section of the membrane. The force balance model, applied to drops formed at the surface of the membrane during emulsification, predicted the droplet diameter provided further drop break up within the stirred cell did not occur. Drop break up occurred at Reynolds numbers below 300 for both oil-in-water and water-in-oil dispersions. Therefore, for Reynolds numbers greater than this, an annular radial ring membrane can be designed to produce monosized droplets using the stirred cell at known continuous phase viscosities with predictable mean droplet size. This knowledge can be used as a design tool to produce monosized droplets of a specified size for various applications using simple stirred cell emulsification.
Description: This document is the unedited Author’s version of a Submitted Work that was subsequently accepted for publication in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research , © American Chemical Society after peer review. To access the final edited and published work see: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie0611094
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1021/ie0611094
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9314
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie0611094
ISSN: 0888-5885
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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