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Title: Stability and deformation of oil droplets during microfiltration on a slotted pore membrane
Authors: Ullah, A.
Holdich, R.G.
Naeem, M.
Starov, Victor
Keywords: Microfiltration
Interfacial tension
Droplet stability
Crude oil
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: ULLAH, A. ... et al., 2012. Stability and deformation of oil droplets during microfiltration on a slotted pore membrane. Journal of Membrane Science, 401 - 402, pp. 118 - 124.
Abstract: The effect of interfacial tension between two fluids, on the passage and rejection of oil droplets through slotted pore membranes is reported. A mathematical model was developed in order to predict conditions for 100% cut-off of oil droplets through the membrane as a function of permeate flux rate. Good agreement of theoretical predictions with experimental data shows that the model can be applied to the filtration of deformable droplets through slotted pore membranes. At high interfacial tension (40 mN/m) with lower flux (200 l m−2 hr−1)droplets of crude oil (27 API) were 100% rejected at droplet diameter 4.3 μm using a 4 μm slotted pore membrane. At lower interfacial tension (5 mN/m), with the same flux rate, 100% rejection occurred at 10 μm droplet diameter using the same membrane. It was also found that the droplet rejection efficiency below the 100% cut-off was roughly linear with drop size, down to zero rejection at zero drop diameter. Hence, the model, coupled with this approximate correlation, can be used to predict dispersed oil drop concentration from a known feed drop size distribution.
Description: This article was published in the Journal of Membrane Science [© Elsevier] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.01.034
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2012.01.034
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9495
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.01.034
ISSN: 0376-7388
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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