LEPPER, P.A. ... et al., 2007. The measurement of the underwater radiated noise from a marine piling operation. Pacific Rim Underwater Acoustics Conference 2007 (PRUAC 2007), 3rd-5th October 2007, Vancouver, Canada.
Assessment of the underwater acoustic radiated noise during a marine piling operation was carried out in UK coastal waters in April 2006. A 2 m diameter, 65 m long test pile was driven into a "hard chalk‟ sediment. The pile was placed in an area of average water depth of 10-15 m approximately 3 km offshore.
This is a conference paper it is also available at: http://pruac.apl.washington.edu/abstracts/Lepper.pdf