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Title: Building orientation and occupancy patterns and their effect on interventions to reduce overheating in dwellings during heat waves
Authors: Porritt, Stephen
Shao, Li
Cropper, Paul C.
Goodier, Chris I.
Keywords: Heat wave
Housing
Overheating
Adaptation
Building simulation
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)
Citation: PORRITT, S. ... et al., 2010. Building orientation and occupancy patterns and their effect on interventions to reduce overheating in dwellings during heat waves. IN: Energy and Sustainable Development: Proceedings of the First IESD PhD Conference. Leicester: De Montfort University.
Abstract: Multi-zone dynamic thermal simulation linked to a nodal airflow model, was used to assess and rank the effectiveness of selected passive heat wave mitigating interventions for reducing overheating during a heat wave period. The simulations were carried out for Victorian terraced houses in South East England using two different occupancy profiles: a family and an elderly couple and two different building orientations: front north facing and south facing. The ranking of interventions for bedrooms, where occupied hours are similar, remain broadly the same for both orientations and occupancy profiles, the most effective being the addition of external wall insulation in all cases. However in living rooms, which are unoccupied during daytime hours for the family but occupied for the elderly couple, the ranking order changes significantly. For elderly occupancy external window shutters replace external wall insulation as the most effective intervention when the living rooms face north and are the most effective for both occupancy profiles when the building is rotated to face south. Adding internal wall insulation reduces overheating in living rooms for the family occupancy scenario, but is found to increase overheating for elderly occupancy compared to the base case. When considering interventions to reduce overheating in dwellings, it is therefore critical to take into account the residents and their corresponding occupancy profile as well as building orientation.
Description: This paper was presented at the First IESD PhD Conference: Energy and Sustainable Development, Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (http://www.iesd.dmu.ac.uk), De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, 21st May 2010
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9772
Publisher Link: http://www.iesd.dmu.ac.uk/events/phd_conference_2010/papers/Porritt.pdf
ISBN: 9781857214079
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers (Civil and Building Engineering)

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