LITTLEWOOD, R., PASSMORE, M.A. and WOOD, D., 2011. An investigation into the wake structure of square back vehicles and the effect of structure modification on resultant vehicle forces. SAE International Journal of Engines, 4 (2), pp. 2629-2637.
SAE Technical Papers;2011-37-0015
A large contribution to the aerodynamic drag of a vehicle (30%(1) or more depending on vehicle shape) arises from the low base pressure in the wake region, especially on square-back configurations. A degree of base pressure recovery can be achieved through careful shape optimization, but the flow structures and mechanisms within the wake that cause these base pressure changes are not well understood. A more complete understanding of these mechanisms may provide opportunities for further drag reductions from both passive shape changes and in the future through the use of active flow control technologies.